Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti 2021 or Death Anniversary: January 30 is the death anniversary / Shaheed Diwas of one of the founding fathers of the Indian republic, Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi (remembered as Mahatma Gandhi and Bapu). This day is also observed to remember the sacrifices made by freedom fighters in the struggle for India’s independence and to pay our respects to them.
What was the incident?
The incident dates back to 1921 when Mahatma Gandhi visited Gorakhpur during the Khilafat Movement. His influential speech at the Bale Mian Maidan on the banks of the Rapti River, with its Hindu-Muslim unity and its intention to not violently agitate the farmers of Awadh, changed the course of the independence movement. Munshi Premchand, who was a government teacher at the Normal School in Gorakhpur at that time, was present in the crowd gathered to listen to the speech. He was so impressed by Bapu’s indigenous love speech that he resigned from a government job. The story of this one and only visit of Mahatma Gandhi is still heard here.
What really happened?
About a hundred years ago, on the morning of February 8, 1921, people gathered at Gorakhpur railway station. Patriotic slogans were sounding in a loud voice whose voice was echoing far. It seemed as if the most famous person of the world was coming and entire Gorakhpur had gathered to lead him. Meanwhile, a train stops at the station and the sound of slogans gets louder. Slender men wearing dhoti to the knee come out with their supporters and raise their hands and accept the greetings of the people present there. That person was none other than Mahatma Gandhi, who came here to seek people’s support in the freedom movement. On that day he gave a powerful speech from the historic Bale Mian Maidan which resonated in people’s minds for years. It is said that about one to two lakh people had reached Bale Miyan Maidan to hear the language. At that time the population of the city was less than 60 thousand, so this public meeting is considered historical even in terms of crowd.
What motivated Premchand?
Mahatma Gandhi Jayanti 2021: Mahatma Gandhi said three key things in his speech. From the forum, he appealed to boycott foreign clothes, stop British cooperation and quit government jobs. His appeal had a profound impact on the people. Many, including the legend Samrat Premchand, resigned from the government job. Many of these people became part of the independence movement.
What was the Blueprint?
The blueprint for Mahatma Gandhi’s visit to Gorakhpur was prepared in October 1920. The delegation that went to meet Mahatma Gandhi under the leadership of Baba Raghavdas invited him to come to Gorakhpur. He promised to come in the first week of February. Mahatma Gandhi coming to Gorakhpur, this thing spread from Lucknow-Varanasi to Patna. This is the reason that a large number of people came to hear him when he came